The 10 Best Home Based Organizations

This article will give you the 10 best home based organizations so you can make a determination on the off chance that they are the right ones for you.

1. Web Specialist – This is a business that you can do on the off chance that you have the experience for it. Not very numerous individuals do when they first begin on the web, yet you can rapidly learn.

2. System advertiser – This is an extremely famous home business for some individuals. Numerous individuals appreciate building a business where there is a group climate. This is the ideal business for you if that is the thing that you need.

3. Secret Customer – Numerous individuals have been beginning their own home business with this open door. It’s easy to begin with and you can procure great cash on the off chance that you do it right.

4. Online barters – such a variety of individuals get online to begin utilizing eBay and other closeout locales to help them begin offering items and profiting. This is an exceptionally basic approach to get your business set up and it’s allowed to begin utilizing.

5. Member projects – There are a large number of individuals that are without utilizing subsidiary projects to begin their business and help them profit. Everything you need to do to begin in his fine the offshoot system to advance and after that go along with them and begin advancing.

6. Web advertising – This is an enormous home based business showcase that anybody can use to begin their own home business, yet it is additionally a standout amongst the most aggressive markets on the web.

7. Paid studies – This is getting in reputation with various people in light of the way that it is a basic way to deal with benefit from home. Furthermore, there are such countless areas, that you can without quite a bit of a stretch find more than one paid study site to benefit with.

8. Organizations business – There are a lot of business proprietors online that need fresh substance for their webpage, blog, reports or even web setup organizations and so on; so you can set up a business offering your organizations.

9. Blogging – This is an extremely easy to get set up with and it is doubtlessly getting in acclaim. Moreover, it is disgraceful to start.

10. Support regions – Set up your own particular enlistment site to help other individuals. The site can be about anything that will help people because that is the thing that people will pay a month to month charge for.

These are the 10 best home construct organizations in light of the web, however in any case you have to find the specific case that is the best for you. Make an effort not to start your own particular home business until you have found the right one, or you will find yourself ceaselessly endeavoring to be successful.

Want to Quit Your Job and Work for Yourself?

I want to open up this post with an important question: are you living your passion?

If not, it is time to find what is that you love doing. Knowing what is your purpose, your passion, will give a different meaning for your life. It will give you your WHY. And to become successful in the thing that you are doing you need to know why you are doing it.

Let’s dig deeper. Do you love your job? Is your job able to provide you the things in life that you desire? Does it allow you the live the lifestyle you want to live?

Changes are you are actually not living the lifestyle of your dreams, because most people think it is impossible to that all year rounds. That’s why they are called dreams right? WRONG!

What if I told you could create your dream lifestyle, no matter how crazy it may sound? Are you a business guy who would actually love to travel and surf? Or are you a mom who would want to stay home with your kids? Not a problem! I have found (and use) a solution how to do that: becoming an entrepreneur. And not just what ever entrepreneur, but a FREEDOM-Preneur! So what is a freedom-preneur?

First, freedom has many different meanings to people. What I refer to as a freedom is being able to do what you want, when you want, with who you want, and where you want. For me having freedom is living my dream lifestyle instead of just hoping to have it. And this of course comes back to your why. Freedom is about knowing what it is that you really want. So many of us are going after what we think we should want and as a result our wants are blind and not self-fulfilling.

Entrepreneurs are known for being in business, sharing their techniques and secrets of building a business before others know how. A Freedom-Preneur is about being free and before others know how to do it. Why would we have a business for if not the idea of freedom?

Often, if not too often, we forget to open our minds for new opportunities or possibilities because we only know the one way we learned to get what we want. You need to defy that idea so that the focus is your freedom and not the business aspect. The entrepreneur side is important, but that will come so no need to worry. In becoming a Freedom-Preneur you must know what you want to do, where you want to do it and when you want to do it.

This is your life we are talking about and despite the popular belief, your life is not a business. Ask yourself the following questions:

* What do you really want to do?

* What are your passion and your gift?

* Where would you like to live that passion out?

* What country, setting or at least type of weather?

* Who do you want to be around?

* What times of day do you want to be doing what?

So how do you confidently make the swap from being corporate employee to entrepreneur?

Dream, vision, courage and massive action!

I’m a Finnish girl living the dream in Florida. I’m a combat sports athlete, type-1 diabetic, blogger, entrepreneur and I have a degree in Psychology & Anthropology. I love sports, food, traveling, cultures, writing and living the life in my own terms as my own boss.

A Simple Starting Point Online

So you wonder what all the hype about working online is all about, you wonder if you can really make money, how easy is it and what experience and equipment you will need.

Well Yes you can make money online or there wouldn’t be so many people doing it. The amount depends on your knowledge commitment and training and the ability to put what you learn into action. However it does take time to build up regular customers, learn the techniques and apply them. You will need a PC or laptop and an internet connection, a printer would be helpful too.

“Which Guides” give you free information on learning to use a laptop efficiently if you are a complete beginner?

How easy is it, well that depends on your existing knowledge and determination to succeed. There are new things to learn, how good are you at following instructions?

If you find a mentor in the niche you are interested in, who will work with beginners, who you can relate to, someone who works with your style of learning you should find the learning curve straight forward.

Choose a mentor providing excellent products, who allows you to direct your prospects to their sales pages with your own individual affiliate link and it will save you a lot of effort initially. A good mentor has a proven plan which is tried and tested and will enable you to earn as soon as possible. It will be in their interest as it will be their products that you will be selling!

You will probably have to purchase training; either a course or tuition but it will save you time and money in the long run. If you choose to use paid traffic to speed up your progress you will need some cash to start with until it becomes self funding. Free organic traffic is the alternative but it will take longer to grow your business.

So now you have learnt a bit about affiliate marketing, why should you consider setting up a business online? Well I find it fun and rewarding, I love learning new techniques. The internet is always changing; what works this year might not be so successful next year, or in a few months, you have to keep testing and adapting.

If you fancy eventually being your own boss and being in charge of your life with time freedom to work around family life or other commitments it can be an excellent choice.

You may just want a small hobby business to raise holiday cash and also give you an interesting hobby, the choice of how big your venture becomes depends on the time effort and commitment you invest. I find affiliate marketing rewarding and there are many ways to diversify when you have mastered the initial stages, however affiliate marketing is a very good starting point for beginning an online business. It gives you the opportunity to discover if working at home is really what you want to do.

Books to help you:

“Feel the Fear and Do It Anyway” by Susan Jeffers.

“Thank God it’s Monday” by Charles Cameron and Suzanne Elusor, a book to offer strategies for making life more tolerable whilst you make changes.

“Laptop Millionaire” by Mark Anastasi.

“Building an Online Cash Cow” by Anthony Barlow.

My name is Anne -“We always aim to give more value than you expect”

Best Wishes in your venture, take a look at the information to grow your business FAST.

I would like to introduce you to Sarah Staar’s fantastic FREE information videos she has allowed me to share with you. She is a very successful Internet Marketer and Coach. Her videos are very clear and easy to follow – See for your-self NOW whilst they are available to view FREE! You will find several on our website – enjoy!

How to Make Money Online at Home and Have Fun

How to make money is on every one’s minds and fingertips as they type the words into Google. Today, there are 557,000,000 people doing exactly that.

Over the years there have been various money popular making ideas. I remember looking at importing paintings from China and selling these; some were very acceptable paintings of seascapes, landscapes animals and copies of places, and famous paintings, sold with “guaranteed fakes” written across the back! Another popular idea was to turn a photo of your pet into a painting, both available from local artists and artists in other countries.

I also remember surveys on street corners were all the rage, later there were surveys online, which are still popular. Then there was a spate of get rich quick videos where gurus said they were making millions and had a magic formula. I think there are still some circulating.

Meanwhile membership-websites sprung up where people like Andrew Reynolds and others told you they knew how to make money online. I actually bought one of his very early manuals and a whole load of videos. Admittedly I didn’t do anything with them or perhaps I would be a multi-millionaire like him now.

Last night I watched a webinar talking about the latest membership sites and how with this latest tool they could be set up in minutes. Interesting but I think it will take a lot to beat affiliate marketing with a really good mentor to set you on the road to success.

The beauty of affiliate marketing and the system it uses is the fact it has a tried and tested formula, a proven plan not trial and error. Initially you don’t even need your own website; you direct traffic to your mentor’s sales pages. You have your own affiliate link to track your customers, which is how you get paid.

Some mentors even do much of the marketing when you have introduced customers into their system, often the customers make repeat sales as they become interested in the niche and want to learn more. There could also be training offered in various marketing techniques. Of course it is the mentor’s interest to help you as it is their products you are interesting your customers in.

It is a win-win situation in which you help each other as you learn the techniques and get paid. This is a simple entry into online marketing as long as your mentor has quality products and a proven and successful marketing plan; you also gain the added support of other members of the group and the advice of the mentor, so that starting online isn’t so scary!

I enjoy learning the new marketing techniques, different methods become popular and more successful, the internet is always changing. I find watching your business grow and develop both fascinating rewarding and fun, and working at home and being my own boss, with time freedom is great, and of course extra cash is also rewarding!

So if all this sounds tempting, do some research into which niche appeals to you, you will find other articles I have written on different aspects of working online, suggested traffic methods etc. Here are also some books that may interest you:

“Feel the Fear and Do It Anyway” by Susan Jeffers.

“Ask for the Moon” by Percy Ross

“Thank God it’s Monday” by Charles Cameron and Suzanne Elusor, a book to offer strategies for making life more tolerable whilst you make changes.

“Building an Online Cash Cow” by Anthony Barlow.

“Facebook for business” by Bud E Smith

“Email Persuasion” by Ian Brodie

“500 Social Media Tips” by Andrew Macarthy

“Profitable social Media Marketing” by Tim Kitchen and Tachmeem Mirza

“SEO Step by Step” by Caimin Jones

My name is Anne -“We always aim to give more value than you expect”

Best Wishes in your venture, take a look at the information to grow your business FAST.

I would like to introduce you to Sarah Staar’s fantastic FREE information videos she has allowed me to share with you. She is a very successful Internet Marketer and Coach. Her videos are very clear and easy to follow – See for your-self NOW whilst they are available to view FREE! You will find several on our website – enjoy!

How to Get The Best From Your Monitor Calibrator

You’ve bought your monitor calibrator, installed and updated the software, connected the measurement instrument and you’re all ready to make your first display profile. Accurate on-screen color is just a click away.

Or is it?

Before calibrating and profiling a monitor for accurate color display, there are a number of ‘pre-flight’ checks you should carry out to ensure that the results you get are as good as possible.

Uniformity assessment: It’s not worth attempting to profile a display if it significantly fades at the corners or has a localised color cast, as any judgements you make will be affected by this. A quick way to visually test uniformity is to set a neutral mid-gray desktop pattern and close all windows. Older-style CRT displays usually have controls that allow you to adjust for mis-aligned screen display and various other screen geometry faults, but there isn’t anything you can do about a faulty LCD panel; be aware that LCD manufacturers do specify tolerances for uniformity and defective pixels.

Clean the screen and position the measuring device: LCD panels don’t attract dust the way electrostatically-charged CRTs did, but it still settles there, and fingerprints won’t help your calibration efforts either. Make sure that if you have a colorimeter with suckers for attaching to glass CRTs that you don’t press it against an LCD panel as it could pull the front membrane off when you remove it. All recent colorimeters for use with LCD displays ship with counterweight arrangements that allow the instrument to rest against the front panel. It usually helps if you tip the screen slightly backwards, to ensure that the colorimeter stays flush to the screen and doesn’t move during measurement.

Resolution and bit-depth settings: LCD panels are best run at their ‘native’ (maximum) resolutions. Most LCD displays support lower resolution modes for compatibility with older video cards, but it may interfere with color rendition as well as image sharpness if you run the display at lower settings. If you’re not certain whether you’re running at maximum, it’s a good idea to check this and that you’re running the display at maximum color (bit) depth – see your operating system help for how to do this, but you should have ‘millions’ of colours, 24- or 32-bit selected.

Display warm-up: It’s crucial that you let your display warm up before attempting to calibrate and profile it. Although CRTs were always known to require a warm-up period to stabilise, it is also true for LCD panels, though once warmed up they then remain more stable than CRTs. Allow at least half an hour.

Energy and screen savers: Disable anything that is likely to change or shut off your screen before beginning profiling. Most screen-saver timings are based on user input activity and won’t necessarily notice that a calibration application is running. Given the warm-up requirement even for LCD panel displays, it makes sense both for calibration purposes and for general working to disable anything that turns the screen off too quickly.

Ambient lighting: Changing the luminance (brightness) on a calibrated display to allow for changes in lighting conditions will invalidate your calibration. Aim to achieve consistent lighting instead. Some display calibration and profiling tools (and some displays) offer ambient light adjustment options that are intended to compensate for changes in the lighting environment. These should never be used.

Arrange things so that the display is the brightest object in your field of view but don’t work in a completely dark room; lighting levels similar to those that are comfortable for watching TV are appropriate. This will help increase the apparent contrast and reveal more shadow details in your images. A monitor hood (included with many high-end models) may be helpful here. When measuring your screen for calibration and profiling, do switch the lights off, draw blinds or curtains, etc, to minimise the chance of stray light getting into the measuring instrument and giving false readings.

Once everything’s set, go ahead and run your calibration and profiling software and enjoy the benefits of accurate color.

This article is based on Practical Colour Management for Photographers and Digital Image Makers, an e-book that’s full of detailed practical tips on how to ‘do’ color management on real computer displays to support high quality image editing. It includes tips on choosing and using colour-critical equipment and the optimum system software settings and working environment for reliable results.

The Importance of Protecting Personally Identifiable Information (PII)

The effects of a data breach can be devastating to any company and can have far reaching effects. Target estimated the credit card data breach costs, after insurance reimbursement at $105 Million. In addition, 40 million payment cards and 70 million other records, including customers email addresses and phone numbers were stolen. This breach was severe enough for the CEO to resign.

The Ponemon Institute released a report in September 2014 indicating that 43% of companies had experienced a data breach in the past year and that was an increase in 10% over the prior year. It’s not a matter of if your company will be attacked, it’s when it will happen. According to the report, the magnitude of the breaches is increasing and more than 80% of the breaches were caused by employee negligence.

I do believe that we will see a flood of lawsuits pertaining to PHI data breaches and with the stringent HIPAA laws in place, medical practices and the associated industry can expect to pay exorbitant penalties.

Companies need to protect PII, PHI and PCI from both internal and external threats and should retain only information that is crucial to the operation of the business and what is legally required if their data is breached.

Personally Identifiable Information (PII) is information that can be used to identify on its own or in conjunction with other information a single person. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publication 800-122 defines PII as “any information about an individual maintained by an agency, including (1) any information that can be used to distinguish or trace an individual’s identity, such as name, social security number, date and place of birth, mother’s maiden name, or biometric records, and (2) any other information that is linked or linkable to an individual, such as medical, educational, financial, and employment information.” So, for example, a user’s IP address as used in a communication exchange is classified as PII regardless of whether it may or may not on its own be able to uniquely identify a person.

Protected Health Information (as defined by HIPAA.COM) means any information, whether oral or recorded in any form or medium, that –

· is created or received by a healthcare provider, health plan, public health authority, employer, life insurer, school or university, or health care clearinghouse; and

· relates to the past, present, or future physical or mental health or condition of any individual, the provision of health care to an individual, or the past, present, or future payment for the provision of health care to an individual; and

1. Is created or received by a health care provider, health plan, employer, or health care clearinghouse; and

2. Relates to the past, present, or future physical or mental health or condition of an individual; the provision of health care to an individual; or the past, present, or future payment foe the provision of health care to an individual; and

(I) That identifies the individual; or

(ii) With respect to which there is a reasonable basis to believe the information can be used to identify the individual

Payment Card Industry (PCI) Compliance is adherence to a set of specific security standards that were developed to protect card information during and after a financial transaction. According to TechTarget, PCI compliance is required by all card brands and per the PCI Security Standards Council there are six main requirements for maintaining compliance.

1. Build and maintain a secure network

· Install and maintain a firewall configuration to protect cardholder data

· Not use vendor-supplied defaults for system passwords and other security parameters

2. Protect cardholder data

· Protect stored cardholder data

· Encrypt transmission of cardholder data across open, public networks

3. Maintain a vulnerability management program

· Use and regularly update anti-virus software

· Develop and maintain secure systems and applications

4. Implement strong access control measures

· Restrict access to cardholder data by business need-to-know

· Assign a unique ID to each person with computer access

· Restrict physical access to cardholder data

5. Regularly monitor and test networks

· Track and monitor all access to network resources and cardholder data

· Regularly test security systems and processes

6. Maintain an information security policy

· Maintain a policy that addresses information security

The costs associated with a data breach and subsequent loss of PII, PHI and or PCI can be devastating to any organization, no matter their size. These costs come in the form of financial penalties and loss of reputation and in some cases result in criminal prosecution.

Reputation is one of an organization’s most important and valuable assets and is intrinsically linked with brand image. According to research done by the Ponemon Institute, respondents said that their brand would diminish by 21% in the event of 100, 000 confidential consumer records being lost due to a data breach and that it would take on average about a year to restore the organization’s reputation. Data breaches involving employee confidential information and also records containing confidential business information can also be extremely harmful to an organization.

Forty-seven states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have enacted legislation requiring private or government entities to notify individuals of security breaches of information involving PII. Some states have passed legislation requiring businesses to proactively implement security measures to protect PII before a data breach occurs.

Protecting PII, PHI and PCI within an Enterprise Content Management System

It goes without saying that all data in databases, files and applications and data being transmitted needs to be secure and encrypted. Just as important is to purge files and data no longer required to be kept in accordance with any laws and regulations and to redact all PII, PHI and PCI.

PII collected by businesses and government is stored in various formats either digitally or hard copy paper. At least 32 states and Puerto Rico have enacted laws that require entities to destroy, dispose, or otherwise make PII unreadable or undecipherable.

There has been an increasing awareness to protect data at the source and not just at the perimeter

Redacting documents, especially unstructured documents, can be a very challenging exercise and should be entrusted to an enterprise content management software and development company that is competent and experienced in developing and integrating redaction software and workflow to automate the redaction processes.

The passage of the HITECH Act increased penalties for information security negligence pertaining to PHI. The basis for the act requires organizations that handle PHI meet a baseline criteria for protection of data in transit, in use, at rest and when disposed. The HITECH Act is noteworthy because it provides definition around the protection of PHI and puts an emphasis on the encryption of PHI.

The penalties for HIPAA violations and data breaches of PII, PCI and PHI can be devastating to any organization and companies should not spare any expenses with regards to HIPAA compliance training and the securing of networks and data.

Computers and Technology

A computer can be defined as a general purpose device that is programmed in a way that it can carry out a set of logical as well as arithmetic operations in an automatic manner. As a sequence of operations can be changed readily, the computer is capable of solving more than one problem. Conventionally, a particular computer consists of at least one element for processing which is typically called the CPU and there is also some form of memory. This processing element carries out various arithmetic as well as logical operations and also sequencing and a control unit.

The computer system is not at all a simple machine. It is just like a very modern and a very highly complex calculator. It is capable of doing or performing almost all the functions at a very speedy rate which helps us a lot to progress and search in our businesses and homes. A computer can therefore be called as a calculator that includes a twist as it not only performs very fast calculations, but it is also capable of having various other special characteristics. The computer has changed the manner in which man is witnessing things.

These computers have transformed in such a manner that they have become an unavoidable part of our life. They are involved in the success and development of each and every individual. They are no longer owned only by rich and wealthy people. Computers have the capability of transforming the country in the coming years and days. The accurate knowledge of a computer which be helpful in bringing a change in a very astonishing manner. It will lead to optimism and the demolition of illiteracy as well.

Computers have been allotted a very integral role to play these days. They are used in every office, home or shop because of their ever increasing utility. Computers are gradually and slowly penetrating through the modern society as people are getting more and more optimistic about the promises made by this invention. They are also used in businesses, industry and government sectors. Computers help the users to save so much of manual power, time and cost which is a great thing for us at this point of time. Instead of spending countless hours of manual work, it is a great thing that we can finish the same work in a few minutes by using a computer. It is one of the important points.

Auto Glass and The Different Types on The Market

From a marketing perspective, it’s not a wise thing to offer your audience a lot of choices. And actually this is a point of fact with marketing because giving people too many choices can lead to no decision. People need to be given what they didn’t know they already wanted. They expect you to know what product is right; an array of choices causes confusion. That’s why we’ll only be covering three features of different types of auto glass material and design, and there’s much more to weigh in this overall decision making process, as well.

The market for auto glass has always been robust, and the changes available with automotive glass is incredible. You can see so many different design choices, and this just has to do with the little things you can add. The only possible negative with this auto glass is will lack the natural look that a non-OEM automotive glass can offer; however, you can achieve spectacular results with a automotive glass. And it does matter that you never think that you have to settle for something that has no aesthetic beauty to it. There are tons of good reasons for security automotive glass that is applicable to commercial organizations. You typically will not see non-OEM used in this application because OEM offers more security and protection. Once you see what is available ins, then you will see that they come in all sizes with regard to the diameter of thes. A security technician that sells automotive glass for this application may be the best way to go. Businesses have a greater need for solid security, and this makes these types of automotive glass unsuitable for a residential application.

Moving forward with additional discussion about non-OEM, we want to share more about them. The installation technician will be the person you will have to haggle with about how assembled the windshield is. Keep in mind that any technician has a reputation to uphold, so if only for that reason they’ll take good care of you and your new windshield. Avoid rushing and buying the first automotive glass you like simply because of the wide range of options and choices. Not only that, but there are many types of little things you can add. One area that is not talked about very much is the importance of blending the automotive glass in with your vehicle and overall vehicle designs, etc.

Understand Driving Record Points, Auto Insurance and Traffic School

Driving Record Points & Hearings

Drivers who violate enough traffic laws to accumulate enough points to potentially lose their license are permitted to partake in a hearing before a hearing officer. During the hearing, the driver can provide pertinent information about his prior traffic violations and explain why he performed such actions. He’ll also have the opportunity to tell the hearing officer why he didn’t contest certain traffic tickets. A driver who faces the prospect of losing his license should embrace the hearing as an opportunity to explain how he’s being proactive to develop better driving skills.

If you find yourself in such a situation and you drive with a high frequency, point out your yearly mileage to the hearing officer. Then explain that your frequent driving is part of the reason why you’ve accumulated so many tickets. If your line of work requires that you drive extensively, you should also make note of that. If you are the head of your household and drive your children and spouse on a frequent basis, make a note of it at your hearing. Shedding light on all of these factors may go a long way in helping you hold onto your license. If your license is revoked, be patient. You must wait before reapplying for a license. Once eligible, you might be required to pass the driver’s license exam or participate in a reinstatement hearing.


Most insurance companies permit a single moving violation across a 3 to 5 year span, though the specifics of these standards differ by state laws and unique insurance company policies. Drivers who accumulate more than one moving violation in this time period will face hiked automobile insurance premiums. If you are in an automobile accident, your premiums will likely increase. However, if you’ve been ticketed, you can potentially avoid a premium hike by contesting the ticket or by participating in traffic school.

Traffic School

A driver who pays his ticket and successfully completes traffic school will not accumulate points from the traffic offense. The course requires 6 to 8 hours of time and a fee but it is better than the alternative. An increase in your automobile insurance rates will likely be much more costly than the cost of the course and the time that it requires.

While it requires a time investment, it is a better strategy to avoid points on your license in comparison to contesting the ticket in traffic court. Each jurisdiction has a unique traffic school policy. Some only permit drivers to attend traffic school one time per year while other jurisdictions will only allow drivers to participate once every two years. It is also important to note that certain jurisdictions have laws that bar drivers from attending traffic school if they are caught speeding 15 miles per hour above the speed limit.

Certain states mandate that drivers enroll in a traffic school course by meeting with a court clerk or by appearing in front of a judge. Some permit drivers to participate in an online version of traffic school. Don’t immediately discount traffic school as a boring experience that won’t hold your interest. Many traffic schools have taken great measures to become more marketable in order to entice potential customers. Some take an entertaining or humorous approach that will keep participants actively engaged with the typically dry subject matter across the course’s 6 to 8 hours.

What do Improv Comedy Club and Online Traffic Course Have in Common?
Created by the world-famous Improv Comedy Club over 20 years ago, our convenient and comedy online traffic course is based on the simple notion that online traffic course doesn’t have to be dry and boring. Duh, right?

Driver-Less Cars – Are They the Future?

Even though we are now well into the computer age, people still find it hard to comprehend that autonomous driver-less cars that resemble ‘Kit’ in Knightrider or the Batmobile in Batman, with their futuristic ability to maneuver themselves, are a part of our new reality. Yet for almost a decade Google, the internet search giant, has been busy bringing this very concept onto American roads. Google driver-less cars have now completed 750,000 miles on the road without the occurrence of any major incident and the company announces with confidence, that driver-less car technology, at least as far as cars on the highway are concerned, is a reality. They are confident that their cars can handle just about any scenario that crops up on the highway. Driver-less car technology has become hot news, every major car company is involved in research in this area. Now Google are trying out their driver-less car technology in towns and cities, admittedly with a little less success than they have had on the highway.

The solution that occurs to most people when driver-less cars are mentioned is that it must be some kind of v2n solution where vehicles are directly communicating with the net through fixed nodal points all over the city, that can track every car, and keep the traffic going by diverting and directing traffic so that everything runs smoothly. This kind of system would be a natural precursor to a driver-less car system. Yet Google has taken the diametrically opposite path by relying almost completely on sensors within the car that interact and respond to the outside world, these sensors together with intensive mapping applications and GPS (although at present GPS is only good to 10 metres or so) are used in a combined operation to guide the vehicle. This is probably because a network connected driver-less car solution would involve numerous repeaters and boosters and would be prohibitively costly in terms of power consumption, infrastructure and bandwidth usage. Google should know! Yet the technology that Google uses does not come cheap either, coming in at something like $100,000 give or take a few thousand dollars, this does not make it a choice for the man on the street. Apart from this, the emphasis placed on input from sensors to maneuver the vehicle, also makes the technology hugely complicated. The prospects for seeing driver-less cars on city and town streets in the near future do not look too bright right now although they will probably soon be a common sight on the highway.

Now an Indian company, Trigon, claims to have invented a new driver-less car technology that will cost a fraction of the Google driver-less Car System and will work almost flawlessly in virtually any conditions. Any successful driver-less car technology will require split second timing and excellent co-ordination and response times in order to be able to self maneuver under normal traffic conditions. Rather than trying to solve the problem through loading up with a huge number of sensors as in the Google, Mercedes and Toyota driver-less car systems. The driver-less car solution designed by Trigon uses LIDAR mapping through diffuse laser screening of the surroundings, and a minimum number of small cameras. Detailed information gained about the route in this manner is stored in the cars computers. This means that a car would first have to be driven over a given route before it is able to drive that route on its own. It should be mentioned here that the efficiency and accuracy of 3D LIDAR mapping has kept pace with computers as they have improved in performance. It is therefore now possible to achieve 3D mapping in what amounts to real time. However, the company soon came to the conclusion that using only cameras and LIDAR output would be time consuming, inaccurate and lack consistency; some other solution would have to be found. This is where Trigon has made a breakthrough. The reasoning behind the new Trigon driver-less technology is simple; all cars have brake lights, all cars have indicators, insurance, number plates and so on. Why not accept the fact that driver-less car technology is here, why deny the existence of the technology?

Basically what this means is that since the technology does exist and has been proven to exist, why not adjust infrastructure to accept this fact. What Trigon is suggesting is that all vehicles such as cars, buses, bikes etc., irrespective of whether they are equipped with driver-less car technology or not, be compulsorily equipped with the latest RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Tag) tags that are capable of relaying real time information. These tags will function vehicle to vehicle and not in vehicle to network mode and therefore will not impact on communications or take up unreasonable amounts of bandwidth. In fact precisely these kinds of RFID tags are being used to transport nuclear materials. These advanced RFID tags can monitor temperature, pressure, humidity and the state of the sealing on nuclear packaging and can be read from a hundred metres away without line of sight. The RFID tags that Trigon will be using give the dimensions, weight, orientation and speed of the vehicle, no other information will be given thus preserving privacy. The RFID tags can be read from 100 metres away (more if needed) without line of sight and run off the car battery supply using negligible amounts (a few millwatts) of current. What this means is that any car equipped with Trigon driver-less car technology would have a 3D picture of the traffic immediately around it in real time, giving the dimensions, speed, weight and line of approach of these vehicles. These RFID tags would cost less than $20 to install and if they are installed in all cars would make driver-less technology a cake walk. It would be easier and less complicated than the systems used by the Post Office to sort through letters based on zip codes or even the baggage handling machinery at airports. This is because instead of sensors collecting information and analyzing it, all relevant information to maneuver the vehicle would come to the vehicle itself, it is then a simple question of using software based on old fashioned Newtonian laws of motion to maneuver in the correct direction at the appropriate speed. The technology allows for up to 2000 RFID tags to be read simultaneously, which is overkill because cars on the road will interact at the very most with eight other vehicles in their immediate vicinity at any given time. Further, because of the limited amount of information being conveyed, the problem of clogging up bandwidth does not arise it is a non sequitur. What this means in effect is that using this system a jump start in getting driver-less car technology on the roads is possible. Cars can opt to install the technology or not, but whichever cars do opt for the system will have a system that works.

This is not a new precedent, for instance when motor cars were still a novelty, it was found that the available roads were too difficult for them to maneuver on, this resulted in people campaigning for the ‘Good Roads Movement’ with the result that the U.S. Government started allocating funds to build motor-able roads, the rest is history. Cell phones had a similar experience, it was the putting up of numerous towers and repeaters that made cell phones and anywhere in the world communication, a success. Today cell phones are as ubiquitous as clothing.

The advantages of implementing such a driver-less car system are numerous, starting off with safety, economy, savings in time and practically maintenance free driving. This is because the cars use Newtonian laws of motion, where it is necessary to know the loaded weight of the car at any given stage in order to calculate the appropriate speed at which to travel, thus the system has a fair idea of what the ‘normal’ response of the car should be, any deviation from this standard performance would be noted, analysed,reported and hopefully rectified. Another huge advantage of the system is the tremendous savings made in fuel due to the efficient stopping starting and running of the cars. Traffic jams would be a thing of the past and as a result large amounts of fuel would be saved. The preferred platform of the driver-less car system are hybrids like the Toyota Prius or even all electric cars like the Tesla.

It is time for the U.S.A to once again lead the world and set the pace in path breaking technologies, driver-less car technology might be one such technology that can be gainfully implemented.